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托普仕留学—国内首家精品高端留学专家:www.topsedu.cn

 
 
 

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托普仕(北京)国际教育咨询有限公司:一家由工商部门批准,首创经典与精品的留学旗舰机构。公司坐落于北京核心地带海淀中关村,紧邻北京大学、清华大学等多所国内顶级学府,充满浓郁的科技人文气息和教育文化氛围。致力于追求卓越、塑造精品留学机构的核心理念。

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2012托福写作常见错误总结  

2012-01-29 15:24:07|  分类: 托普仕留学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  托普仕留学在线评估 2012托福写作常见错误总结

关于TOEFL写作相信大家都买了不少参考书,并且背诵了不少好段子,但是有的考生依旧作文不理想,究其原因在写作时可能不太在意,好了,让我们看看专家怎么评点TOEFL写作中的常见错误的,大家也要引以为戒,争取不犯类似错误。

  1. 结构不平行例:I was able to raise my TOEFL score by studying hard and I read lots of books。当使用连词将一系列的单词联接起来的时候,应当使用词性相同或同一类型的短语。

  2. 不知所云例:Many companies began using computers mouth。

  3. 段落过长,不分段主语与动词一致问题:She are a good friend of mine that I has known for a long time。主语和动词在数方面不一致。

  4. 句子别扭:We heated the soup in the microwave for too long and the shape of the container changed。措辞过长或不清。换言之,句子显得滑稽可笑。

  5. 不要使用缩写在正式的写作中不要使用缩写形式(can't,don't,it's,we'll,they've等等),而应当使用单词的完整理式(cannot,do not,it is,we will,they have等等)。

  6. 关联词语重复:Since I want to go to a good school, therefore I am trying to raise my test scores。不能在该句的主要主语和主要动词前使用连词。

  7. 句子不完整:Many students have a hard time passing all the tests to getsintoscollege. For example, my friend in high school。句子没有主要主语或主要动词,因为其实它应是一个从句。这是一个非常常见的错误,修改的方法是将两个句子连接起来。

  8. 不要使用:get When I got home, I got tired, so I got a book and gotsintosbed. Get太不正式,意思也过于含糊,不适合用在正式的场合。应将get改为一个更加具体的单词,如become, receive, find, achieve,等等。

  9. 书写难以辨认信息不正确:I would like to study in America because all modern technology originated there。传的信息不正确,或者让人听起来觉得可能不正确(如果确实是正确的,应当解释为什么这样,因为读者不认为是正确的)。上述例句中,all的意思是百分之百;我们不能绝对地说每一件新东西都是从美国诞生的。为保险起见,应当使用many或most。非英语单词Computers are very helpful and advantageable。尽管看起来象个单词,其实不是,至少不是个英文单词。使用这个单词的另一种形式。

  10. 介词多余:I would like to discuss about something important that you mentioned about to me during yesterday. We went to downtown yesterday to buy a watch. When I first came to the US, I did not have a lot of friends in here. In class, my classmate never mentioned about her husband。在表示这种意思时此单词不能与介词连用。这种情况常见于downtown,home,there,here等词。这些词语在英语中是副词而非名词,因而不能在它们前面添加介词。

  11. 跑题或不相关:There are many reasons to buy a car, preferably a nice car。这个意思与okay for children to fail sometimes。所表达的意思很普通大多数人都已经知道到了,因而就没有必要再说出来。

  12. 标点问题:I love animals. And I like to help them. Because they are helpless. So I want to become a vet。这是一个非常普遍的问题!许多学生在句子中使用了太多的句号,尤其是当他们用手写的时候。

  13. 重复冗余:Personally, I believe what the newspaper prints。一种意思的表述不止一次,或者某个词语不必要。

  14. 单数/复数:Many year ago, dinosaur roamed the Earths。单词需要从单数变为复数,或者由复数变成单数。单数可数名词单数可数名词不能单独使用,应该将其变为复数形式或者加上限定词(a, the, my, his, her, Gary’s, no, any, 1, 3, 50, most,等等)。

  15. 拼写错误主语、动词或宾语有问题:I want to buy something for my mother that she will like it. There was a terrible accident happen yesterday。句子的基本结构有问题,缺少主语、动词或宾语,或者这些成分重复。

  16. 语气与文章不符:I was kind of mad at the guy who vociferated angry words at me. I have heard many wonderful things about such cosmopolitan cities as Paris, London, Tokyo, and Hong Kong and I would love to visit these cities to check them out。语气与文章其他部分不相符可能是过于正式或者太不正式。

  17. 代词指代不明:If people do not speak the same language, it has a greater chance of miscommunication. I intend to complete my studies in the United States because they have good programs there。代词所指代的指示词(介词所代替的名词)不清楚。

  18. 过于笼统:We should use our resources on Earth because the Earth is getting worse. 句子或它所表达的意思过于笼统,不能提供多少信息。

  19. 动词时态错误:Yesterday I will go to the store because tomorrow I needed some food。动词时态不正确检查一下是应该用现在时、过去时、将来时还是完成时等等。

  20. 选词不恰当:I was late getting home because I lost my way。在这种情况下不应该使用该词可选择更好的词语或者所使用的词语与文章的总体语气不符。

  21. 单词形式不当:I want to creation a great web site so that I can becoming wealth。所使用的单词的形式不正确检查一下应该使用该词的名词、形容词或副词形式的哪一种。

  22. 用词错误:Even I don't speak Spanish, I was able to find a bathroom in the department store. I gained a lot of pounds during vacation。用词错误或在此种情况下该词不是最佳用词。

以上是列举出的TOEFL写作中需要避免的22个错误,希望大家引以为戒,在备考TOEFL写作时加以练习,反复检查更改,尽量把问题当时找出来并能在没有语法用句错误的前提下为自己的文章“添肉”,这里的“添肉”指的是打好基础了就可以用些经典句来添彩。

 

 

  1.用词不当

  学生们写的作文里或多或少都会有一些用词不当的问题,但是要注意的是一些最最基本的错误是不能犯的。

  ? In the show, if participators answer twenty problems that the host mentioned correctly, they will get five hundreds thousand U.S. dollars as a prize.

  ——problems应改为questions

  2.拼写错误

  这里的拼写错误不是指在考试时候的误打,而是本身对词汇拼写记忆的错误。

  ? In conclusion, issue of whether parents are the best teachers is a complex one, requiring subjective judgement, consequently, there are no easy or certain answers.

  ——judgement应改为judgment

  3.乱用大词

  First of all, children can earn money from their jobs, although there isn’t too much, but they will keep their salary gingerliness.

  这里的gingerliness根本是不知所云。该句子还有以下问题:

  1)该作文题目是讲学生是否应该做兼职,因此children的出现就显得很莫名其妙;

  2)although和but是不能连用的;

  3)指代不明,they不知道是指代前面的什么;

  4.表达中式

  The second argument-it might have been noticed by others-is that in some occasion, it is quite difficult to compare parents to teachers because parents are a kind of people, teachers are a kind of vocation.

  句子中划线部分的表达过于中式化。

  5.表意重复

  ?They shocked their friends, devastated their families, crushed their best friends.

  前面已经提到了朋友,后面又提到朋友。

  ? The show is so compelling but attractive.

  ?compelling和attractive是同义词,所以这里这么写就让人不明白。

  6.固定用法错误

  ? To some extends, I agree with the author’s general assertion that if parents also have a comprehensive sense of professional knowledge.

  ——To some extends应改为To some extent

  7.例证夸张

  ? For example, when a doctor faces a patient who has got cancer, the doctor cannot tell the truth, for the truth may cause the patient’s immediate death.

  虽然善意的谎言是必要的,但是其功效显然没有这么大。

  8.成分多余

  ? According to a comprehensive investigation which is carried out by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences shows that there is an increase in the number of university students who are taking part-time jobs.

  该句中的shows that是多余的成分。

  9.词性混乱

  ? However, the questions such as "Have you ever regretted marrying your husband" may be very privacy and embarrassingly.

  句子中的privacy和embarrassingly应该改成private和embarrassing。

  10.时态错误

  托福大作文一般使用现在时态,除了拿过去事件作为例子用过去时态。

  ? Some people claimed that news media has enormous influence and is a detrimental creation.

  —— claimed应该改为claim

 

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